The Tibetan word for meditation is "gom" which
means calling into existence or producing. There are two
kinds of meditation: the development of tranquility (samatha)
or concentration (samadhi), and development of insight (vipassana)
or wisdom (panna).
Tranquility, or concentration of mind, is a pure and peaceful
state that bestows a threefold blessing: purity of mind,
present happy life, and favorable rebirth. It purifies the
mind, freeing it from the five mental defilements or hindrances
- sensual desire, hatred, laziness, discontentment, and
skeptical doubt. Mental concentration is an indispensable
foundation of insight. The Buddha said: "May you develop
mental concentration, oh monks, for he who is mentally concentrated
sees things according to reality".
Insight is seeing into the nature of things, which is ultimately
the realization of the impermanence of all mental and physical
phenomena, included in the five groups of existence (Five
Skandhas), namely - corporeality, feeling, perception, mental
formations, and consciousness. Insight produces the four
supra mundane stages of holiness and deliverance of mind.
Rinpoche teaches that there are two kinds of meditation
in Tibetan Buddhism:
- One-pointed Concentration In this kind of meditation
you maintain one-pointed concentration on the meditation
object, usually Buddha, breathing or any object that helps
you maintain your concentration. The aim is to train and
tame your mind. The mind is like a wild horse; if you can
tame it you will be carried to land of your dreams.
- Analytical meditation This kind of meditation is done
in two forms. One is visualization of deities, for example
instead of just focusing on Buddha on our previous meditation;
here you visualize yourself embodying all characters of
Buddha and becoming one. Second is pondering, the dictionary
definition of meditation. But pondering here doesn't mean
letting your mind wander with all kinds of thoughts as if
riding on a horse without a reign; it is to ponder with
a purpose of finding something. For example finding a cause
and solution for a problem. If your friend shows anger,
you can later meditate on it and analyze why he or she was
angry and find a real solution and lasting happiness.